Updated: Feb 12
Kidney stones are tough deposits made of minerals and salts that form inside our kidneys. Kidney stones can affect any part of our urinary area from our kidneys to our bladder. Stones form when the urine becomes strenuous, allowing minerals to filter and twig together. kidney stones are solid pile made of crystals. Kidney stones usually originate in our kidneys. However, they can upgrade anywhere beside our urinary area, which comprises of these parts:-
Stone remove by the Holmium Laser:-
Energy discharge from the laser fiber following holmium laser activation leads to the emergence of a vapor channel through which the laser radiation is transmitted. The size of the bubble formed is directly corresponding to the pulse energy and laser fiber size. A photo thermal procedure and chemical rotting are the major contributing factors for stone fragmentation. The energy produced during bubble fall in has a limited role in stone fragmentation. Recently, advances in pulse modulation have resulted in the development of the “Moses technology” in which the laser discharge part of the energy to create an beginning bubble, and the remaining energy is released once the bubble is formed, so that it can pass through the already formed vapor channel. This new technology was take on from the previously explained phenomenon of holmium ablation—“Moses effect”—where the fluid is break up and a vapor channel is created.
Symptoms of Kidney stone:-
A kidney stone may not cause symptoms until it moves within our kidney or passes into our ureter — the tube connecting the kidney and bladder. At that point, you may experience these symptoms are:-
Severe pain in the side and back, below the ribs in your body.
Pain that radiates to the lower abdomen and groin in your body.
Pain which comes in waves and differ in intensity.
Pain on urination.
Pink, red or brown urine.
Cloudy or foul-smelling urine.
Nausea and vomiting.
Persistent need to urinate.
Urinating more often than usual.
Fever and scare if an infection is still in your body.
Urinating small amounts.
Kidney stones are one of the most painful condition. The reason of kidney stones agree according to the type of stone.
Risk factors for kidney stones are:-
The reputable, risk factor for kidney stones is making lower than 1 liter of urine per day. That’s why kidney stones are usual in advanced newborn. who have kidney problems. However, kidney stones are most likely to come about in people between the ages of 20 and 50. Different factors can increase your risk of upgrading a stone. Sex also plays a role. More men than women develop kidney stones, as claimed by the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK). A history of kidney stones can high your risk. So does a family history of kidney stones.
Why kidney stones can be a problem.?
Passage of stones down the ureter can cause spasms and irritation of the ureters in your body. This causes blood to appear in the urine system. Sometimes stones block the flow of urine. This is called a urinary obstruction. Urinary obstructions can lead to kidney infection and kidney damage in your body.
How kidney stones are treated:-
Treatment is modified according to the type of stone. Urine can be worn and stones collected for judgement. Drinking six to eight glasses of water a day get bigger urine flow. People who are dehydrated or have severe nausea and vomiting may need hypodermic fluids.
Types of kidney stones are:-
Most kidney stones are calcium stones, generally in the form of calcium oxalate in our body. Oxalate is a naturally appearing substance found in food and is also made daily by our liver. Some fruits and vegetables, as well as nuts and chocolate, have high oxalate content so that's cost calcium kidney stone.
Struvite stones:- Struvite stones form in reaction to an infection, such as a urinary tract infection in kidney. These stones can get bigger fastly and become quite large, sometimes with few symptoms or little warning.
Uric acid stones:-
Uric acid stones can form in people who don't drink water enough fluids or the person who lose too much fluid, those who take a high-protein diet, and those who have gout can have Uric acid stone. Certain genetic factors also may grow your risk of uric acid stones or kidney stone.
These stones form in people with a hereditary disorder that causes the kidneys to excrete too much of certain amino acids which causes Cystine stone.
The first is drinking a lot water to make the urine completely clear and a person can tell they are not consuming enough water if their urine is yellow or brown.
To know more visit:- https://www.urologyspecialitycareghy.com/